Orientation and Mobility (O&M) instruction is a related service available to students who are determined to meet the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) eligibility criteria for vision impairment. Orientation and Mobility (O&M) is the set of skills and concepts that a person uses to travel safely, confidently, efficiently, and independently. This is accomplished through using mobility aids (such as a long cane or a pre-cane), mental mapping, attending to remaining senses, and applying a variety of strategies developed for those with limited vision and modified for those with additional areas of need.
A certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist determines eligibility for the service through evaluation and provides direct instruction to students. Collaboration with families and school staff is also important to reinforce the mobility skills the student has developed.